Kepiting yang menyamar

Most decorator crabs belong to one of eight families in the superfamily Majoidea, commonly referred to as spider crabs. About 75 percent of the group’s more than 1,100 global species mask their presence by wearing disguises made from living organisms scissored from the landscape. They commonly hijack seaweeds, sponges, tunicates, bryozoans and hydroids. The crabs manipulate the purloined pieces of attire with their mouths before attaching them to one of the many fishhook-shaped bristles arranged in rows on the carapace, rostrum, walking legs and claw arms, depending on the species.

Seorang dekorator hidroid

Simbiosis di atas Pasir

Interactions between different species, whether above or below water, typically revolve around confrontations between predators and prey. At the opposite and more harmonious end of the spectrum, a scattering of unrelated species coevolved to form lifelong alliances for their mutual security. These relatively rare go-along-to-get-along partnerships provide a net benefit for both parties, improving each species’ reproductive success. The close living arrangement between weak-eyed alpheid snapping shrimp and sharp-eyed partner gobies is a classic example of symbiosis in the sea.

Sepasang udang gobi yellownose yang telah dikawinkan

It’s All in the Name

In 1995, when we first explored wunderpus territory, which overlies much of the Coral Triangle, the then-undescribed octopus’ fame had spread far and wide. The newly sensational creatures attained much of their acclaim for dancing like dandies across sandy seafloors on eight unimaginably limber arms — an eye-popping feat of acrobatic dexterity well worth traveling halfway around the world to see.

tarian wunderpus di atas pasir

Gurita Argonaut dan Ubur-ubur

I DON’T EXPECT TO SEE ANIMALS much larger than my thumbnail while I’m drifting on a night dive in the ocean. So I’m surprised when a translucent skirt of tentacles […]


Blenny Menonton 101

OF ALL THE FISHES IN THE SEA THAT ANNA ADORES, blennies perch high atop her favorites list. Her fascination with the tribe of typically small, hole-inhabiting bottom-dwellers …

hole-inhabiting Blenny's

Ikan Emas Kuba

IT HAD BEEN A BUSY WEEK for the fish surveyors aboard the Avalon ll, and things were just beginning to wind down. The Reef Environmental Education Foundation (REEF) team of 16 volunteer research divers had recorded population estimates for 246 fish species on 26 reef, seagrass, mangrove, and ironshore sites within the benevolent boundaries of […]

anak peri emas

Kehidupan Unik Ikan Mutiara

TO FIND THE FIRST DESCRIPTION OF A LARVAL PEARLFISH in the wild, I had to search back to the early 1980s annals of blackwater diving and Christopher Newbert’s account of drifting 40 feet down a lighted downline tethered to a dinghy bobbing on a night sea somewhere off the Kona, Hawaiʻi, coast. The story appeared […]


Memijah Laut Selamanya

To the delight of the divers staying at Tawali Resort on the shores of Milne Bay in Papua New Guinea, Anna’s hunch turns out to be right on track.

Pembibitan karang Staghorn menciptakan habitat ikan bahkan sebagai cabang yang menggantung

Hanya Dibutuhkan Satu Ikan yang Baik

PETUALANGAN BAWAH AIR KAMI baru-baru ini dimulai dengan pencarian fantastis untuk melacak seekor ikan kecil yang tidak mencolok dan tidak lebih besar dari nikel. Dalam banyak hal, misi kecil kami untuk menemukan kuda laut kerdil (Hippocampus zosterae) yang jarang terlihat ini lebih mirip kegiatan akhir pekan anak-anak muda yang riang daripada kegiatan tujuh orang pria dan wanita yang mengenakan pakaian selam di sepanjang garis pantai di perairan dangkal Teluk Florida yang jarang dijelajahi di Key Largo, Florida. 

Kuda laut kerdil jantan yang sedang hamil

Dilema Dusun

SEJAK akhir tahun 1800-an, perdebatan di antara para ahli taksonomi kelautan telah berputar-putar di sekitar status spesies ikan bass laut Karibia kecil yang megah dalam genus Hypoplectrus, yang umumnya dikenal sebagai dusun. Inti dari kontroversi ini adalah esensi taksonomi: Apa yang mendefinisikan suatu spesies?

Dusun nila