Buceo desde la costa

Conocer los principios básicos de las entradas desde la playa es una parte fundamental de aprender a bucear en la Bahía de Monterrey. Foto de Andy Sallmon.

Una guía práctica para aspirantes a buzo desde la playa.

Here’s a scenario that may resonate with some of you: I’m on a dive trip, and it’s early in the morning. My alarm blares, ripping me from a deep sleep — the dive boat boards in an hour, so there’s no time to hit snooze or lollygag in the pillows. I pry open my eyes as I give myself a mini-lecture: “Morning’s here, I’m on vacation, I’m going diving, and it’s going to be fun!”

An octopus hunts on the pilings of Bonaire’s Salt Pier, a renowned shore-accessible dive site.

Don’t get me wrong; I’m always excited to dive. But if I’m 100 percent honest, sometimes I prefer to do so without an alarm going off at oh-dark-thirty.

That’s where shore diving comes in, and it’s why I’m a devotee of beach-accessible dives. Aside from allowing me to avoid that sunrise alarm, shore diving offers other freedoms as well: the last-minute choice of a dive site, the ability to do a two-hour dive without worrying a boat crew and the liberty to add a dive to my day if conditions allow. As an added benefit, beach diving can be quite economical compared with boat diving. Of course, let’s not forget that some of the most incredible sites in the world are most easily dived from the beach — think Bonaire’s Salt Pier, Florida’s Blue Heron Bridge or Bali’s Liberty wreck.  

There’s a lot more to shore diving than just beach entries; specific considerations exist for shore entries, including sand, rocks, surf, and more. However, although this particular type of diving may seem a little daunting to the uninitiated, a considered approach and a few simple steps can provide a new set of world-class opportunities for almost any diver.


Read articles and books about the areas you’re considering, and then speak with local dive shops to understand the best sites and general approaches to diving in the region. Local regulations (such as whether you’ll need a dive float), parking, locations for entry and exit, tides, surf and current, seasonality, topography and marine life are all good to know. 

Tapping into social media groups for divers who live near or frequent the areas where you’re planning to dive is a great way to remain informed about recent sightings, conditions and forecasts and to connect with other divers who are familiar with local sites. Hiring a local guide for an introductory dive can be a game-changer for safety and overall enjoyment.

Be prepared for the increased physical exertion that comes with shore diving. Pretrip fitness training can help when you need to carry gear to and from the water’s edge, walk up and down stairs or through surf and also help you endure long surface swims.

Colocarse el equipo sobre la puerta trasera de una camioneta permite mantener los objetos alejados de la arena y las rocas antes de un buceo.

Colocación del equipo

Algunas pocas incorporaciones a su equipo le permitirán estar equipado para hacer un buceo desde la playa como un profesional. Una lona o una alfombrilla gruesa será un excelente lugar para vestirse, lo que le permitirá minimizar el contacto con la arena y las rocas antes y después de su buceo. Incluir sistemas de enjuague portátiles es otra buena manera de mantener el equipo limpio. Procure tener un kit de primeros auxilios, una unidad de oxígeno y números de teléfono de emergencia disponibles en su vehículo en caso de que se produzca una emergencia. 

Your entry and exit may involve traversing sand and rocks, so make sure your gear is rugged enough to comfortably handle the task at hand. Wetsuit booties or drysuit boots with thick soles will provide traction and protect your feet. Using soled footwear will mean you need open-heeled fins, in which case I recommend adding spring straps — being able to smoothly slip your fins on and off will help you minimize your time in the surf zone. Many experienced beach divers use a “fin-keeper” strap to secure their fins during exits.

Keeping gear and cameras clipped off during a surf exit keeps divers’ hands free.

Gear and gadget stowage is another consideration; you’ll want to enter and exit the water with your hands free, and you’ll especially want to ensure backup and safety gear is secured but easily accessible. You can achieve this by clipping items to D-rings on your buoyancy compensator or by adding pockets (which may contain protected interior D-rings) to exposure gear with tech shorts or glue-on pockets. Safety gear is also crucial; a signaling device, line cutter and compass are good to have. 

Finally, decide how you’ll store your car keys — such as in a waterproof key fob container — during your dive, and have a backup plan in case your key is “misplaced” in the water. For divers bringing a camera, I recommend keeping it clipped to your BCD — making sure it’s easy to release in an emergency — though it’s best to leave it behind for your first dive or if conditions are challenging.

Antes de bucear

Allow time to scout the location. There are usually preferred routes to access the water, especially in rocky regions or those prone to surf or current. Watching divers successfully start and end their dives can show you how to follow suit. Look for signs detailing specific local issues, such as rip currents, marine life hazards or poor water quality. Examine the shoreline for areas that will allow easy entry — sandy patches in the middle of an otherwise uneven beach, for example — as well as features to avoid, such as sharp rocks or urchins.

Si hay guardavidas de servicio o si hay buzos que salieron recientemente del agua, es posible que pueda tener una idea en tiempo real de las condiciones y los avistamientos de vida marina. Finalmente, asegúrese de que algún tercero que no bucee tenga conocimiento de su plan de buceo y cuándo debe esperar su regreso.  

Entrada y salida

Un equipo de compañeros ingresa al agua cuidadosamente en Bonaire.

Colóquese el equipo, haga un cuidadoso chequeo preinmersión con su compañero (buddy check) y acérquese al agua. Debe tener las manos libres para llevar sus aletas y ayudar a su compañero a estabilizarse, de ser necesario. Al ingresar al agua, procure tener la máscara colocada y el regulador en la boca. Pueden formarse grandes olas sin ningún tipo de advertencia, por lo que debe observar el oleaje con frecuencia. Debe poder simplemente saltar por encima de la mayoría de las olas; si se topa con olas más grandes, coloque un pie delante del otro para estabilizarse y sumérjase para eludirlas. Si alcanzan o superan la altura de su cabeza, tal vez quiera reconsiderar si debe bucear o no.

Either don your fins at the water’s edge and walk sideways into the ocean, or if conditions are calm, slip on your fins once you’re in water that is between hip and chest deep. Next, either begin your dive or inflate your BCD and flip onto your back to kick out to your descent point, taking note of features on the shore to use as visual references.

Carefully monitor your gas supply during the dive, ensuring you have enough breathing gas in the event of an emergency. Don’t forget to retain adequate breathing gas for your return to shore and a reserve in case an emergency arises, keeping in mind the specific variables and characteristics of your dive.

If you encounter a rip current — a strong current running perpendicular to shore — calmly swim parallel to the current to escape it before continuing or aborting your dive. Many divers prefer to swim underwater as long as possible on the exit to minimize surface swims and time in the surf zone. 

When you can stand up, slip off your fins and walk sideways or backward out of the water, keeping an eye on the waves. If the surf has increased during your dive, it’s best to navigate to an area where the waves are small enough to manage. In a worst-case scenario, crawling out of the water geared up with a regulator in your mouth and your fins on is possible, but only do so if necessary. 

Debe saber cuándo decir no

La Reserva Marina Point Lobos (Point Lobos Marine Reserve) en Carmel, California, ofrece a las personas que bucean desde la costa hermosos paisajes de arrecifes sin un barco chárter a la vista.

The best aspect of shore diving is the freedom to decide when to dive. Knowing when to call a dive, however, is the most crucial part of shore diving. The typical dealbreakers in beach diving — large surf, a badly missed tidal window, a ripping current or a critical gear issue — are generally easy for veteran shore divers to recognize. Often this knowledge has been gained the hard way, such as through the loss of gear or a minor loss of footing during entry or exit.

It’s imperative to understand that genuinely dangerous scenarios can and do occur. Some of these situations may not be so obvious for new beach divers; when in doubt, consult and heed the recommendations of lifeguards or a local dive shop. This decision must also extend to your dive buddy, whose comfort or experience levels may be different than yours. A taller diver, for example, might not be as concerned as a shorter buddy about higher-than-expected wave heights.

No hay ningún premio para el buzo que ingresa al agua con condiciones dudosas, y no hay ganador cuando los buzos bucean simplemente porque pueden hacerlo. Sea valiente y exprese su incomodidad con respecto al plan de buceo, y sea tolerante a la hora de reprogramar o cancelar el buceo si su compañero se muestra reacio a ingresar al agua. En definitiva, es preferible evitar una situación estresante, desagradable o incluso peligrosa antes que perder un día de buceo. 

© Alert Diver — Q3/Q4 2021

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